Analyser


  • Report 5 - English Summary

Innovation - the key to sustainable growth

Denmark can make a global difference towards achieving the UN's Sustainable Development Goals through innovation and entrepreneurship. We are front-runners when it comes to sustainable ideas. However, there is still room for improvement.

 vindmoeller.JPG

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals entered into force in 2016, binding all 193 UN member states. The goals set an ambitious development direction for the entire population of the world. However, the goals contain some dilemmas. For example, some of the goals concern prosperity: No Poverty, Zero Hunger, Good Health and Well-being, and Decent Work and Economic Growth, achievement of which, all else being equal, would lead to an increasing drain on the world's resources. Other goals are about sustainability: Affordable and Clean Energy, Sustainable Cities and Communities, Responsible Consumption and Production, Climate Action, Life Below Water and Life on Land. These require a lower demand on the world's resources. Hence, there would seem to be contradictions here, where achieving one type of goal risks reducing the achievement of the other type of goal.

A third group of goals, Quality Education; Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; and Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, is really the means to the end of solving the Gordian Knot. If the world invests sufficiently in these goals, global productivity could be improved, and increasing productivity would improve living standards and reduce resource use.

Previous reports from the Small Great Nation project have analysed a number of aspects of education and strong institutions. Therefore, in this report we focus on innovation. In the next report we will focus on climate.

Innovation is contagious. This is good, but it means that the individual company does not get the full benefit of its innovative efforts. Hence, there is a socio-economic gain to be had by state support of companies' innovative efforts through, for example, patent and rights systems, research collaboration, tax rebates and direct support of innovation. In other dimensions, the contagion means that entrepreneurship is inherited and children who grow up in self-employment environments more often become self-employed themselves.

Denmark spends a lot of money on R&D, and green Danish patents are of a higher quality than those in many other countries. Nevertheless, Danish companies have much lower sales volumes of newly developed products than other EU countries, which is surprising. In this report, you can read about this, and many other issues.

The report covers the following topics:

• The Sustainable Development Goals and innovation
• The innovative Denmark
• Ideas and innovations are contagious
• Society's support for innovation and R&D

Download the report here

Seneste analyser

Danmark er kommet relativt godt gennem coronakrisen

Den 12. marts er det et år siden, at Danmark lukkede ned for at begrænse smitten af coronavirus. I dette notat gør vi status på, hvordan Danmark indtil videre er kommet igennem coronapandemien. Vi ser på to centrale aspekter: sundhed og samfundsøkonomi. Vores opgørelse viser, at Danmark er kommet bedre gennem krisen end størstedelen af de lande, vi normalt sammenligner os med i og uden for Europa.

Hver fjerde dansker er klimainfluencer

27 pct. af den danske befolkning og 45 pct. af de unge har det seneste år forsøgt at påvirke venner og familie i en mere grøn retning. Det kan medføre ændrede sociale normer, der får befolkningen til at forbruge mere klimabevidst og dermed udlede færre drivhusgasser. Man kan dog næppe forlade sig på, at ændrede sociale normer alene kan sikre den grønne omstilling.

Øget regionalisering vil have stor betydning for dansk erhvervsliv

En øget regionalisering af verdenshandlen kan betyde store tilpasningsomkostninger for dansk erhvervsliv, da lande uden for Europa har fået en stor betydning for den danske produktion og beskæftigelse. En stor del af den danske befolkning støtter øget samhandel med Europa, selvom det indebærer højere forbrugerpriser.

Gevinsterne fra mere hjemmearbejde er skævt fordelt

En øget brug af hjemmearbejde vil især medføre gevinster til højtuddannede, personer med høje indkomster og personer bosat i byerne. Det kan føre til en øget polarisering på det danske arbejdsmarked.